C04
Register knowledge in advanced learner language

C04 will investigate how learners of a foreign language acquire register competence by analyzing spoken and written corpus data produced by advanced learners of German as a foreign language and native speaker control groups. Two hypotheses will be tested: (i) Even advanced learners do not distinguish between registers in the same way that native speakers do, and (ii) even advanced learners do not distinguish between registers as much as native speakers do. Native speakers and learners will first be compared within the same register and then across registers. In the first phase, two different types of register will be studied: written argumentative essays on the one hand and spoken map task dialogues on the other.

Members

Project leader

Prof. Dr. phil. Anke Lüdeling

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Members

Dr. Nicole Schumacher

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Doctoral fellows

Shujun Wan 万姝君

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Cooperation Partner

Dr. Anna Shadrova

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Student assistant

Roodabeh Akbari (رودابه اکبری)

Institute für deutsche Sprache und Linguistik
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

roodabeh.akbari@hu-berlin.de

Cooperation Partner

Dr. Hagen Hirschmann

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Alumni

J Abishek Stephen

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin


Dr. Julia Lukassek

Sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

julia.lukassek@hu-berlin.de

Publications & Presentations

    Publications

    2023

  • Pescuma, Valentina Nicole; Serova, Dina; Lukassek, Julia; Sauermann, Antje; Schäfer, Roland; Adli, Aria; Bildhauer, Felix; Egg, Markus; Hülk, Kristina; Ito, Aine; Jannedy, Stefanie; Kordoni, Valia; Kühnast, Milena; Kutscher, Silvia; Lange, Robert; Lehmann, Nico; Liu, Mingya; Lütke, Beate; Maquate, Katja; Mooshammer, Christine; Mortezapour, Vahid; Müller, Stefan; Norde, Muriel; Pankratz, Elizabeth; Patarroyo, Angela Giovanna; Plesca, Ana-Maria; Ronderos, Camilo R.; Rotter, Stephanie; Sauerland, Uli; Schulte, Britta; Schüppenhauer, Gediminas; Sell, Bianca Maria; Solt, Stephanie; Terada, Megumi; Tsiapou, Dimitra; Verhoeven, Elisabeth; Weirich, Melanie; Wiese, Heike; Zaruba, Kathy; Zeige, Lars Erik; Lüdeling, Anke; Knoeferle, Pia; Schnelle, Gohar  (2023) Situating language register across the ages, languages, modalities, and cultural aspects: Evidence from complementary methods In:  Frontiers in Psychology [DOI] [ViVo]
    In the present review paper by members of the collaborative research center ‘Register: Language Users’ Knowledge of SituationalFunctional Variation’ (CRC 1412), we assess the pervasiveness of register phenomena across different time periods, languages, modalities, and cultures. We define ‘register’ as recurring variation in language use depending on the function of language and on the social situation. Informed by rich data, we aim to better understand and model the knowledge involved in situation- and function-based use of language register. In order to achieve this goal, we are using complementary methods and measures. In the review, we start by clarifying the concept of ‘register’, by reviewing the state of the art, and by setting out our methods and modeling goals. Against this background, we discuss three key challenges, two at the methodological level and one at the theoretical level: 1. To better uncover registers in text and spoken corpora, we propose changes to established analytical approaches. 2. To tease apart between-subject variability from the linguistic variability at issue (intra-individual situation based register variability), we use within-subject designs and the modeling of individuals’ social, language, and educational background. 3. We highlight a gap in cognitive modeling, viz. modeling the mental representations of register (processing), and present our first attempts at filling this gap. We argue that the targeted use of multiple complementary methods and measures supports investigating the pervasiveness of register phenomena and yields comprehensive insights into the cross-methodological robustness of register-related language variability. These comprehensive insights in turn provide a solid foundation for associated cognitive modeling.
  • 2022

  • Wan, Shujun  (2022) Kobalt_RST: Die Annotation von rhetorischen Strukturen im Kobalt-DaF-Korpus[DOI] [ViVo]

    Das Kobalt-DaF-Korpus ist ein systematisch erhobenes und tief annotiertes Deutschlernerkorpus, welches 80 deutschsprachige argumentative Texte von deutschen L1-Sprecher:innen und Deutschlerner:innen unterschiedlicher L1 enthält. Dieses Repositorium stellt eine zusätzliche Annotation des Kobalt-DaF-Korpus bzgl. rhetorischer Strukturen frei zur Verfügung. Folgende Informationen sind hier zu finden: (1) Die Darstellung des Annotationsprozesses (Annotationsframework, -richtlinie, und -verfahren). (2) Die annotierten rs3-Dateien.

    *Versionshinweise: Bislang sind ausschließlich die Texte der chinesischen Deutschlerner:innen und der deutschen L1-Sprecher:innen (insgesamt 40 Texte) verfügbar. Die Annotation der übrigen Texte folgt demnächst. 

    *Die Annotationsarbeit wurde gefördert durch das Chinese Scholarship Council und die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) – SFB 1412, 416591334.

  • Wan, Shujun  (2022) Zur Positionierung der eigenen Meinung und der Verwendung von Appellen in argumentativen Texten: Chinesische DaF-Lerner/-innen, L1-Sprecher/-innen des Deutschen und chinesische EFL-Lerner/-innen im Vergleich In:  Deutsch als Fremdsprache [DOI] [ViVo]
  • Wan, Shujun  (2022) Zur Positionierung der eigenen Meinung und der Verwendung von Appellen in argumentativen Texten: Chinesische DaF-Lerner/-innen, L1-Sprecher/-innen des Deutschen und chinesische EFL-Lerner/-innen im Vergleich In:  Deutsch als Fremdsprache [DOI] [ViVo]
    Basierend auf 80 argumentativen Texten sowie der Studie von Liu / Furneaux (2015) zielt diese kontrastive Studie darauf ab, die Position der eigenen Meinung und die Verwendung von Appellen in argumentativen Essays von chinesischen DaF-Lernenden im Vergleich zu denen von L1-Sprecherinnen und Sprechern des Deutschen und von chinesischen EFL-Lernenden zu untersuchen. Dafür wird das Coffin-Modell als zugrundeliegendes Framework für die Annotation und die Analyse eingesetzt. Ausgehend von den Vergleichsergebnissen werden abschließend die Einflussfaktoren für die ermittelten Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede analysiert.

    Schlüsselwörter: Argumentativer Text; Position der eigenen Meinung; Appelle; Lernerkorpus; Chinesische DaF-Lerner/-innen

    Based on 80 argumentative texts and the study conducted by Liu / Furneaux (2015), this contrastive study aims to investigate the statement of the author’s opinion and the use of appeals in the argumentative texts of Chinese learners of German as a Foreign Language (GFL) in comparison with those of native German speakers and of Chinese EFL learners. The study uses the Coffin-model as the fundamental framework for annotation and analysis. Finally, the results of the comparisons lead to an analysis of the factors influencing the similarities and differences revealed.

    Keywords: Argumentative text; author’s opinion; appeals; Learner Corpus; Chinese GFL learners
  • Wiese, Heike; Alexiadou, Artemis; Shanley, Allen; Bunk, Oliver; Gagarina, Natalia; Iefremenko, Kateryna; Martynova, Maria; Pashkova, Tatiana; Rizou, Vicky; Schroeder, Christoph; Shadrova, Anna; Szucsich, Luka; Tracy, Rosemarie; Wintai, Tsehaye; Zerbian, Sabine; Zuban, Yulia  (2022) Heritage Speakers as Part of the Native Language Continuum In:  Frontiers in Psychology [DOI] [ViVo]
    We argue for a perspective on bilingual heritage speakers as native speakers of both their languages and present results from a large-scale, cross-linguistic study that took such a perspective and approached bilinguals and monolinguals on equal grounds. We targeted comparable language use in bilingual and monolingual speakers, crucially covering broader repertoires than just formal language. A main database was the open-access RUEG corpus, which covers comparable informal vs. formal and spoken vs. written productions by adolescent and adult bilinguals with heritage-Greek, -Russian, and -Turkish in Germany and the United States and with heritage-German in the United States, and matching data from monolinguals in Germany, the United States, Greece, Russia, and Turkey. Our main results lie in three areas. (1) We found non-canonical patterns not only in bilingual, but also in monolingual speakers, including patterns that have so far been considered absent from native grammars, in domains of morphology, syntax, intonation, and pragmatics. (2) We found a degree of lexical and morphosyntactic inter-speaker variability in monolinguals that was sometimes higher than that of bilinguals, further challenging the model of the streamlined native speaker. (3) In majority language use, non-canonical patterns were dominant in spoken and/or informal registers, and this was true for monolinguals and bilinguals. In some cases, bilingual speakers were leading quantitatively. In heritage settings where the language was not part of formal schooling, we found tendencies of register leveling, presumably due to the fact that speakers had limited access to formal registers of the heritage language. Our findings thus indicate possible quantitative differences and different register distributions rather than distinct grammatical patterns in bilingual and monolingual speakers. This supports the integration of heritage speakers into the native-speaker continuum. Approaching heritage speakers from this perspective helps us to better understand the empirical data and can shed light on language variation and change in native grammars. Furthermore, our findings for monolinguals lead us to reconsider the state-of-the art on majority languages, given recurring evidence for non-canonical patterns that deviate from what has been assumed in the literature so far, and might have been attributed to bilingualism had we not included informal and spoken registers in monolinguals and bilinguals alike.
  • 2021

  • Lüdeling, Anke; Hirschmann , Hagen; Shadrova, Anna; Wan, Shujun  (2021) Tiefe Analyse von Lernerkorpora In:   Deutsch in Europa [DOI] [ViVo]
    Die Sprache von Lerner/-innen einer Fremdsprache unterscheidet sich auf allen linguistischen Ebenen von der Sprache von Muttersprachler/-innen. Seit einigen Jahrzehnten werden Lernerkorpora gebaut, um Lernersprache quantitativ und qualitativ zu analysieren. Hier argumentieren wir anhand von drei Fallbeispielen (zu Modifikation, Koselektion und rhetorischen Strukturen) für eine linguistisch informierte, tiefe Phänomenmodellierung und Annotation sowie für eine auf das jeweilige Phänomen passende formale und quantitative Modellierung. Dabei diskutieren wir die Abwägung von tiefer, mehrschichtiger Analyse einerseits und notwendigen Datenmengen für bestimmte quantitative Verfahren andererseits und zeigen, dass mittelgroße Korpora (wie die meisten Lernerkorpora) interessante Erkenntnisse ermöglichen, die große, flacher annotierte Korpora so nicht erlauben würden.
  • Shadrova, Anna; Lindscheid, Pia; Lukassek, Julia; Lüdeling, Anke; Schneider, Sarah  (2021) A Challenge for Contrastive L1/L2 Corpus Studies: Large Inter- and Intra-Individual Variation Across Morphological, but Not Global Syntactic Categories in Task-Based Corpus Data of a Homogeneous L1 German Group In:  Frontiers in Psychology [DOI] [ViVo]
    In this paper, we present corpus data that questions the concept of native speaker homogeneity as it is presumed in many studies using native speakers (L1) as a control group for learner data (L2), especially in corpus contexts. Usage-based research on second and foreign language acquisition often investigates quantitative differences between learners, and usually a group of native speakers serves as a control group, but often without elaborating on differences within this group to the same extent. We examine inter-personal differences using data from two well-controlled German native speaker corpora collected as control groups in the context of second and foreign language research. Our results suggest that certain linguistic aspects vary to an extent in the native speaker data that undermines general statements about quantitative expectations in L1. However, we also find differences between phenomena: while morphological and syntactic sub-classes of verbs and nouns show great variability in their distribution in native speaker writing, other, coarser categories, like parts of speech, or types of syntactic dependencies, behave more predictably and homogeneously. Our results highlight the necessity of accounting for inter-individual variance in native speakers where L1 is used as a target ideal for L2. They also raise theoretical questions concerning a) explanations for the divergence between phenomena, b) the role of frequency distributions of morphosyntactic phenomena in usage-based linguistic frameworks, and c) the notion of the individual adult native speaker as a general representative of the target language in language acquisition studies or language in general.
  • Presentations

    2022

  • Lüdeling, Anke  (2022) Variability in Grammatical Categories and Structures: The Case of Word Formation, Ghent, Belgium In:  Grammar and Corpora (GaC) [ViVo]
  • Lüdeling, Anke  (2022) Zum Umgang mit Variation in der Lernersprachenanalyse. Perspektiven aus und für DaF/DaZ In:  LCR2022 6th Learner Corpus Research Conference, Padua, September [ViVo]
  • Wan, Shujun  (2022) Kontrastive Rhetorik: Merkmale deutscher und chinesischer argumentativen Texte In:  Uni Potsdam [ViVo]
  • 2021

  • Lüdeling, Anke; Lukassek, Julia  (2021) Zum Erwerb von Registerwissen bei Lerner:innen des Deutschen als Fremdsprache. Registerstudien in Lernerkorpora In:  Colloquium Uni Gießen [ViVo]
  • Lüdeling, Anke; Lukassek, Julia  (2021) Registerwissen und morphologische Struktur. Eine Studie zu komplexen Wörtern bei Lerner:innen des Deutschen als Fremdsprache und Muttersprachler:innen In:  SPIGL [ViVo]

Events

04/26/2021
2:00 pm - 4:00 pm Zoom

preliminary

11/19/2021
12:00 am - 11:00 pm Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Workshop: Complexity and register (CAR21)

What is the exact theoretical relationship is between register and the individual facets of complexity? How do the situation’s communicative needs affect complexity measures?

02/23/2022
1:45 pm DGfS 2022, online

Workshop on “Narration in Context”

What is the status of narration in not literary texts and in the context of register? What are the linguistically relevant features of it? how can we operationalize them?

Contact

Prof. Dr. phil. Anke Lüdeling

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

+49 (0)30 2093 – 9799